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Knowledge Management Centre - Blogs
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Paradigm Shift in Transport Planning
Transportation planning is shifting from “mobility-based” to “accessibility-based” analysis which recognizes a wider range of factors that affect people’s ability to reach desired services and activities. For example, with mobility-based planning the preferred solution to traffic congestion is to expand roads so people can drive faster, but accessibility-based analysis also considers improving alternative modes, more compact and mixed development, more connected transport networks, and telecommunications that substitutes for physical travel. Each day around the world, millions of urban residents walk, bike, drive, bus, and metro to their destinations. This sets off an uncoordinated ballet of movement. Brookings’s Moving to Access Initiative looks at innovative policies, tools, and techniques that can help ensure that all people—regardless of income or demography—get where they need to go. So this leaves in me a thought that the future GoI initiatives and decisions will revolve around Comprehensive Accessibility Plans (CAPs). Let us prepare ahead for this upcoming task.
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Sep 16, 2017 3:35 PM
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What will it take to create smart cities in India?
In June 2014, the Government of India announced its ambitious plan to build smart cities across the country. This plan will be administered by the Ministry of Urban Development, and will focus on building new smart cities and redeveloping existing urban regions with populations of over 100,000 people. The government announced last July that it will invest US$1.2 billion in smart cities over the next year, which will be supplemented by funding from private investors and foreign players. The program will include city-wide developments to improve methods for engaging citizens and addressing their needs, building capacity among city officials, and moving to e-governance through use of technology. Cities will also be asked to develop holistic city development plans with a vision for zero emissions and zero waste. They will then be provided funding to pursue strategic infrastructure projects as part of the city development plan. Cities will be asked to identify priority sectors and will receive viability gap funding from the central government. The private sector is expected to invest another INR 1000 – 1200 crore (US$1.6 – 1.9 billion) in these projects. Additionally, states will be asked to identify areas for large investments, either for retrofitting or redevelopment in existing cities or greenfield cities. The national government envisions investing 15% to 20% of necessary financing, with the rest of the funding coming from the private sector.
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Jun 12, 2017 12:49 PM
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Increasing Mode Share of Bus Transport in Indian Cities
Like many cities around the world, Indian cities are experiencing urbanization, motorization, and increasing congestion. Coupled with declining public transport use and infrastructure expenditures that promote a car culture by building roads and flyovers (overpasses), Indian cities are losing out on the standard of living that residents deserve. The next decade requires focus on precise and system-wide improvements. The call of the hour is to introduce operational, infrastructural, technological, marketing, and financing innovations to double the mode share of public buses in the next decade. For Indian cities to be livable, city bus and bus rapid transit (BRT) systems must become an integral part of urban development. As of 2005, buses made up over 90% of public transport in Indian cities, and serve as a cheap and convenient mode of transport. There are approximately 35,000 buses operational in Indian cities. Of these, eight of the biggest cities – Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, and Pune – account for 80% of all buses. Pilot initiatives and bus reforms in recent years have reinforced that city bus systems will continue to be the backbone of urban mobility in India because they are cost effective, more sustainable, and easier to implement than other infrastructure-heavy mass transit systems like metros. The graph below shows the current mode share of bus transport in ten major Indian cities.
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Jun 16, 2017 11:26 AM
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